Bogut recorded just two rebounds and an assist while playing nine minutes but the run is a positive step in his recovery from a knee injury suffered in the NBA playoffs.
"Your first game back from an injury is always difficult but we're happy with how he moved with and without the ball," said Australian assistant coach Luc Longley.
Patty Mills was rested for the clash but Australia's offence did not suffer as they managed to not lose a quarter in a dominant performance against a team they will face in the group stage of the Rio Olympics.
The Aussies had 11 players hit the scoreboard, shooting 49% overall while they utilised a 38-20 scoring advantage in the paint, a 20-10 advantage in fast break points and a 42-27 rebound edge.
It was a 16-0 run in the third period that secured the win as Joe Ingles tallied nine of his game-high 21 points in the term while Cameron Bairstow (nine points) asserted his presence under the rim.
The signs for China were bad from the opening tip as the Aussies scored the first seven points of the game.
Ryan Broekhoff (five points, seven rebounds) was the main culprit, helping his team to an early 7-2 advantage in points off turnovers to give them an eight-point lead at quarter-time.
Australia's offence continued to flow in the second period as Ingles found Aron Baynes (eight points, two steals) with a pinpoint pass for the alley-oop before Baynes ran the give-and-go with Damian Martin (four points, five assists) to perfection for an easy lay-up.
Matthew Dellavedova (five points, five assists) and Kevin Lisch (11 points) then joined in with back-to-back three-pointers to help Australia to a double-digit lead at the main break.
"We haven't played great yet," said Longley.
"We have had a disrupted preparation but we are ready to go now."
Baynes left the game in the second half after an errant elbow from Martin cut his cheek but the injury looked minor and with a week now to prepare for Rio, he has time to recover.
The full box score for the game can be found here.
Australia's first opponent in the group stage of Rio will be France on August 7 at 3.15am AEST.
Stay tuned to Basketball Australia's website and social media accounts as we await a television schedule for both the Australian men's and women's games.